The Olympic Games
The Olympic Games is one of the largest international sporting events in the world with different cities hosting Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The Games take place every two years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating, although the Games occur every four years within their respective seasonal Games. The Paralympic Games, where athletes with physical disabilities compete, take place in the hosting city immediately after the Olympic Games.
During the 8th century BC, the Ancient Olympic Games were founded and held in Olympia, Greece, and continued to the 5th century AD. The modern Games as we know them today came about when Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894. The IOC became the governing body of the Olympic Movement and still governs to date.
Countries from around the globe produce their elite athletes to compete in this prestigious event.
The Olympics in England
The Olympic games have been held twice before in England, in 1908 and 1948. Both events were held in the capital, and the 2012 London Olympics makes London the only city to have hosted the modern Games of three Olympiads.
The 2012 London Olympics is taking place between 27th July and the 12th August, followed by the Paralympic Games commencing 29th August to 9th September.
The Games will feature 26 sports, which break down into 39 disciplines. A total of 205 nations are expected to take part in 300 events, along with 147 nations participating in the Paralympics.
In preparation for the games, a 2.5sq km area of land in east London has been under development over the past three years. What was once redundant industrial land will soon be transformed into a state of the art Olympic Park with athletics facilities that can be used and enjoyed for years to come.